Ground Operations

In this category, emphasis is placed on determining the airworthiness of the airplane, preflight visual inspection, managing risk and pilot-available resources, safe surface-based operations, and the adherence to and proper use of the AFM/POH and checklists. To maximize the safety of flight operations, a pilot must recognize that flight safety begins by properly preparing for flight and by managing the airplane, environment, resources, and themselves until the airplane is returned to its tie-down or hangar at the termination of flight. This is accomplished by the pilot ensuring that the airplane is in a safe condition for flight and it meets all the regulatory requirements of 14 CFR part 91 by an effective and continuous assessment of the risks and utilization of resources, and by the pilot honestly evaluating and determining their preparedness and continuation for acting as PIC.