Ground Reference Maneuvers

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At the completion of ground reference maneuvers, the pilot should not only be able to command the airplane to specific pitch, roll, and yaw attitudes but, while correcting for the effects of wind drift, also control the airplane’s orientation in relation to ground-based references. It should be reinforced that safety is paramount in all aspects of flying. Ground reference maneuvers require planning and high levels of vigilance to ensure that the practice and performance of these maneuvers are executed where the safety to groups of people, livestock, communities, and the pilot is not compromised. To master ground reference maneuvers, a pilot must develop coordination, timing, and division of attention to accurately maneuver the airplane in reference to flight attitudes and specific ground references. With these enhanced skills, the pilot significantly strengthens their competency in everyday flight maneuvers, such as straight-and-level, turns, climbs, and descents.



Private Pilot Test Prep 2018 – Pilot license candidates studying for the Private and Recreational Pilot FAA Knowledge Exam will find sample questions for every question in the Federal Aviation Administration exam database along with their answers and explanations. Questions from the exam are arranged by subject category, with each section prefaced by text introducing the subject matter and accompanied by specific study material. Each question is followed by the answer, an explanation of the answer, and a Learning Statement Code for further study in FAA materials. Updates are provided to account for FAA test-question changes throughout the publication year via the ASA website or e-mail alerts. Up-to-date basics on aerodynamics, engine operation, flight instruments, performance, radio navigation, and meteorology are among the subjects covered in this study aid. Includes softcover book and computer testing supplement.

You may also find the Private Pilot Oral Exam Guide helpful in your preparation for your FAA oral Exam.