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Night operations present additional risks that must be identified and assessed. Night flying operations should not be encouraged or attempted, except by pilots that are certificated, current, and proficient in night flying. Prior to attempting night operations, pilots should receive training and be familiar with the risks associated with night flight and how they differ from daylight operations. Even for experienced pilots, night VFR operations should only be conducted in unrestricted visibility, favorable winds, both on the surface and aloft, and no turbulence. Additional information on pilot vision and illusions can be found in FAA brochure AM-400-98/2 and also the Aeronautical Decision-Making and the Aeromedical Factors categories under the Aeronautical Knowledge section (FAA-H-8083-25A). Additional information on lighting aids can be found in Chapter 2 of the Aeronautical Information Manual (AIM), which can be accessed at www.faa.gov.
- Introduction to Night Operations
- Night Vision
- Night Illusions
- Pilot Equipment
- Airplane Equipment and Lighting
- Airport and Navigation Lighting Aids
- Training for Night Flight
- Preparation and Preflight for Night Operations
- Starting, Taxiing, and Runup
- Takeoff and Climb
- Orientation and Navigation
- Approaches and Landings at Night