Aviation Instructor Training

This section is designed for ground instructors, flight instructors, and aviation maintenance instructors, the Aviation Instructor’s Handbook was developed by the Flight Standards Service, Airman Testing Standards Branch, in cooperation with aviation educators and industry to help beginning instructors understand and apply the fundamentals of instruction. This section provides aviation instructors with up-to-date information on learning and teaching, and how to relate this information to the task of teaching aeronautical knowledge and skills to students. Experienced aviation instructors will also find the updated information useful for improving their effectiveness in training activities. While this section primarily uses the traditional term “student” to denote someone who is seeking certification in aviation, the accepted term in educational psychology is “learners.”

  1. Human Behavior
  2. The Learning Process
  3. Effective Communication
  4. The Teaching Process
  5. Assessment
  6. Planning Instructional Activity
  7. Instructor Responsibilities and Professionalism
  8. Techniques of Flight Instruction
  9. Risk Management

The information found in this section is based upon the information found in the Aviation Instructor’s Handbook published by the FAA.


Flight Instructor Oral Exam Guide – The Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) administers oral as well as written exams for pilot certification and flight review. These exam guides teach applicants not only what to expect, but also how to exhibit subject mastery and confidence under scrutiny. In this series, the most consistent questions asked in each exam are provided in a question-and-answer format, with information sources for further study. Applicants facing the oral exams will benefit from the topics discussed and the further study materials provided, which have been updated to reflect important FAA regulatory, procedural, and training changes, including fundamentals of instruction, technical subject areas, an appendix with the latest version of the FAA’s Advisory Circular (AC) 61-65, and including a chapter on “Scenario-Based Training” by Arlynn McMahon (author of “Train Like You Fly”).

The Flight Instructor’s Manual is an invaluable reference for flight instructor applicants and serves as an indispensable guide for both new and experienced instructors (CFIs). The Fifth Edition is edited by William K. Kershner’s son, William C. Kershner. This manual is organized so that each chapter serves as a stand-alone reference for a particular phase of instruction, allowing each to be used as “how to instruct” guides on topics such as fundamentals of flight instruction (FOI), presolo instruction, first solo to the private certificate, advanced VFR instruction, introduction to aerobatic instruction, and instrument instruction. The book also features a comprehensive spin syllabus, material on multi-engine airplanes, instructing international students, teaching ground school, and setting up tests.