While many of the characteristics of effective instructors discussed in the previous paragraphs hold true for any instructor, the aviation instructor has the added responsibility of molding an aviation citizen—a pilot or maintenance technician the instructor feels confident will be an asset to the rest of the aviation community. The following code describes the concept of an aviation citizen.
An aviation instructor needs to remember he or she is teaching a pilot or technician who should:
- Make safety the number one priority,
- Develop and exercise good judgment in making decisions,
- Recognize and manage risk effectively,
- Be accountable for his or her actions,
- Act with responsibility and courtesy,
- Adhere to prudent operating practices and personal operating parameters, and
- Adhere to applicable laws and regulations.
In addition, the Certificated Flight Instructor (CFI) needs to remember he or she is teaching a pilot who should:
- Seek proficiency in control of the aircraft,
- Use flight deck technology in a safe and appropriate way,
- Be confident in a wide variety of flight situations, and
- Be respectful of the privilege of flight.
The teaching process organizes the material an instructor wishes to teach in such a way that the learner understands what is being taught. The teaching process consists of four steps: preparation, presentation, application, and assessment. Regardless of the teaching or training delivery method used, the teaching process remains the same. To be effective, an instructor utilizes people skills, subject matter expertise, management skills, and assessment skills.
This chapter explores the teaching process in general terms of how to prepare, present, apply, and assess lesson material. Teaching methods or training delivery methods are discussed, as well as the use of instructional aids.