Instrument Flight Rules

This section is designed for use by instrument flight rules instructors and pilots preparing for instrument rating tests. Instructors may find this section a valuable training aid as it includes basic reference material for knowledge testing and instrument flight training.

This section conforms to pilot training and certification concepts established by the FAA. There are different ways of teaching, as well as performing, flight procedures and maneuvers and many variations in the explanations of aerodynamic theories and principles. This section adopts selected methods and concepts for instrument flying. The discussion and explanations reflect the most commonly used practices and principles.

  1. The National Airspace System
  2. The Air Traffic Control System
  3. Human Factors
  4. Aerodynamic Factors
  5. Flight Instruments
  6. Attitude Instrument Flying – Analog Instrumentation
  7. Attitude Instrument Flying – Electronic Flight Display
  8. Basic Flight Maneuvers – Analog Instrumentation
  9. Basic Flight Maneuvers – Electronic Flight Display
  10. Helicopter Attitude Instrument Flying
  11. Navigation Systems
  12. IFR Flight
  13. Emergency Operations

The information found in this section is based upon the information found in the Instrument Flying Handbook published by the FAA.


Instrument Flight Rules Test Prep

If you are studying for or planning on studying for your instrument rating, the ASA Test Prep guide for the Instrument Rating will help you prepare with samples of every test question in the FAA exam database, along with their answers and explanations.  Subjects covered are:  meteorology, flight and navigational instruments, instrument flight rules and procedures, arrivals and approaches, and review computations. It also includes a computer testing supplement.


You should also consider getting a copy of the Instrument Pilot Oral Exam Guide by Michael D. Hayes to prepare for the oral exam as well as the the Instrument Rating Airmen Certification Standards by the FAA which outlines the standards for passing the knowledge and oral exams.